A SURVEY ON THINKING STYLES AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF UPPER BASIC EDUCATION LEVEL SCHOOLS’ STUDENTS IN SOCIAL STUDIES

Onyeka Ukor DESTINY , PhD

Abstract


This research determines the connection between thinking styles and academic achievement of upper basic education level (former Junior Secondary School) schools‘ students in Social Studies in Ika North East Local Government area of Delta State. Three (3) research questions and three (3) hypotheses guided the study. The research design for this research was a correlational design. The sample of the study was two hundred and forty one (241) upper basic education level schools‘ students. Two instruments were used for data collection which includes: Social Studies Students‘ Thinking Styles Questionnaire (SSSTSQ) and Students‘ Achievement in Social Studies Basic Examination (SASSBE). SSSTSQ has a reliability coefficient of 0.78 whereas SASSBE was standardized and adopted from Delta State Ministry of Education. The instruments were validated by specialists from Faculty of Education, Delta State University, Abraka. Data collected were analyzed using correlational statistics. The findings of the study were that: legislative thinking style has a strong relationship with Social Studies achievement of students. This is because social studies teaching and learning exposes the students to citizens‘ obligations, rights and privileges. Also, executive thinking style has a moderate relationship with Social Studies achievement of students. This is because social studies teaches students the strategies for effective leadership and followership. Furthermore, judicial thinking style has a low relationship with social studies achievement of students. This is because not every student is interested in effective ways of resolving conflicts. From the findings, it was recommended that social studies teachers should endeavour to dictate upper basic education level schools‘ students‘ thinking styles through their performances in social studies and other subjects; social studies teachers should advise parents to motivate and encourage their wards into selecting careers that align with their dispositions and so on.

 

Keywords: Thinking style, legislative, executive, judiciary, academic achievement and social studies


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